macOS High Sierra – make sure your system is safe

If you want to make sure that your macOS High Sierra is clean (when it comes to malicious software) you can use free tool (free as in beer and free as in speech – at the same time) called ClamAV.

You can get it various ways. You can download it’s commercial version from AppStore – as paid release, you can install it using brew, download binary from some place where you have no idea what’s really inside, You can instal macOS Server (ClamAV comes bundled with it), etc.

However, you can also build it by yourself. Directly from sources. It’s a pain in a neck, I know, but you can be sure of what you are actually running. And, you will learn that zlib’s library author is a really brainy person. Go ahead, look for yourself in Wikipedia.

Anyway. Let’s start. Estimated time to complete (depending on your system configuration) – 1h-2h.

I suggest to create some place, where you can put all sources and binaries. I suggest following approach

mkdir -p $HOME/opt/src
mkdir -p $HOME/opt/usr/local

In each step, we will download source codes of given tool into


and then, use

./configure --prefix=$HOME/opt/usr/local/$TOOL_NAME

to install them inside $HOME/opt.

1. You need PCRE – Perl Compatible Regular Expressions

cd $HOME/opt/src
curl -O
tar zxf pcre2-10.30.tar.gz
cd pcre2-10.30
./configure --prefix=$HOME//opt/usr/local/pcre2
make install

# You can also run `make check` before installing PCRE, but you may need to apply path
# source:
# To apply it, simply put patch content inside file RunGrepTest.fix
# --- 8< --- CUT HERE --- 8< --- CUT HERE --- 8< --- CUT HERE --- 8< --- 
--- RunGrepTest	2017-07-18 18:47:56.000000000 +0200
+++ RunGrepTest.fix	2018-01-07 20:00:40.000000000 +0100
@@ -681,7 +681,7 @@
 # works.

 printf "%c--------------------------- Test N7 ------------------------------\r\n" - >>testtrygrep
-if [ `uname` != "SunOS" ] ; then
+if [ `uname` != "Darwin" ] ; then
   printf "abc\0def" >testNinputgrep
   $valgrind $vjs $pcre2grep -na --newline=nul "^(abc|def)" testNinputgrep | sed 's/\x00/ZERO/' >>testtrygrep
   echo "" >>testtrygrep
# --- 8< --- CUT HERE --- 8< --- CUT HERE --- 8< --- CUT HERE --- 8< ---
# and run patch tool
patch -b RunGrepTest RunGrepTest.fix

2. You need recent release of clang and llvm

cd $HOME/opt/src
curl -O
cd $HOME/opt/usr/local
tar xvf $HOME/opt/src/clang+llvm-3.6.2-x86_64-apple-darwin.tar.xz

You can’t use more recent version of Apple’s LLVM :( It means, that you may require two, separate installations of LLVM. Maximum version of LLVN you can use here is 3.6. Contrary, compiling R with OpenMP support will require Version 4.0.1 (take a look here: R 3.4, rJava, macOS and even more mess ;))

3. You need LibreSSL
(special thanks go to: I was always using OpenSSL, but recently I had more and more issues with it while compiling stuff from sources.

cd $HOME/opt/src
curl -O
tar zxf libressl-2.6.4.tar.gz
cd libressl-2.6.4
export CXXFLAGS="-O3"
export CFLAGS="-O3"
./configure --prefix=$HOME/opt/usr/local/libressl
make check
make install

4. You need zlib

cd $HOME/opt/src
curl -O
tar zxf zlib-1.2.11.tar.xz
cd zlib-1.2.11
./configure --prefix=$HOME/opt/usr/local/zlib
make install

5. Build the stuff

cd $HOME/opt/src
git clone git://
cd clamav-devel
git checkout tags/clamav-0.100.0 -b rel/0.100
# you can also get stable version from here:
export CFLAGS="-O3 -march=nocona"
export CXXFLAGS="-O3 -march=nocona"
export CPPFLAGS="-I$HOME/opt/usr/local/pcre2/include \
  -I$HOME/opt/usr/local/libressl/include \
./configure --prefix=$HOME/opt/usr/local/clamav --build=x86_64-apple-darwin`uname -r` \
  --with-pcre=$HOME/opt/usr/local/pcre2 \
  --with-openssl=$HOME/opt/usr/local/libressl \
  --with-zlib=$HOME/opt/usr/local/zlib \
  --disable-zlib-vcheck \
make install

6. Make sure to keep your database up to date


7. Now, you can scan your drive for viruses

cd $HOME
$HOME/opt/usr/local/clamav/bin/clamscan --log=$HOME/scan.log -ir $HOME

# if you want to scan your whole drive you need to run the thing as root
# I also suggest to exclude /Volumes, unless you want to scan your TimeMachine
# and all discs attached
# -i - report only infected files
# -r - recursive
# --log=$FILE - store output inside $FILE
# --exclude=$DIR - don't scan directory $DIR
cd $HOME
sudo $HOME/opt/usr/local/clamav/bin/clamscan --log=`pwd`/scan.log --exclude=/Volumes --exclude=/tmp -ir /

To compile ClamAV on macOS High Sierra I have used my old scripts, but many thanks go to: